Sheltered Instruction versus Mainstream Classroom – The Impact of Classroom Placement and Other Factors on the Achievement of English Language Learners in Science: Implications for Educational Leaders
@ Atlanta University Center Robert W. Woodruff Library
Magee, Ariana T
DescriptionDissertationDoctor of Education (EdD)Educational LeadershipThe purpose of this study was to examine 9th and 10th grade ELL students’ science class placement - sheltered ESL class or non-sheltered mainstream class - and determine if there was a difference in their levels of achievement based on placement. Unlike other academic courses, science incorporates its own terminology that can be difficult for even mainstream non-ELLs to understand. With the goal for English Language Learners to develop scientific proficiency, ELLs must gain an understanding of science substance and practice exploratory propensities for the brain. This is unthinkable without an understanding of science vocabulary. The researcher examined the following variables as they related to ELL student achievement in science: Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP), attendance, class size, teacher-student relationship, teacher competency in ELL strategies, instructional strategies, parental involvement, study habits, immigration requirements, age (demographic variable), and gender (demographic variable). Data were gathered using observations, face-to-face teacher and administrator interviews, document analyses of teacher lesson plans, a student survey, and a student focus group. The sample of students consisted of 30 students - 9 students in mainstream science classes and 21 students in sheltered ESL science classes. Students were chosen to participate in the study based on their Assessing Comprehension and Communication in English State-to-State (ACCESS) scores. Study participants had a composite score of between 3.0 and 4.9 on the ACCESS test. Study participants’ nine weeks grades, along with other data, were compared to determine if class placement made a significant difference in ELL student achievement...
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