The long Jewel: assessing political solutions to the Nile river conflict by maneuvering around colonial
@ Atlanta University Center Robert W. Woodruff Library
Obeng, Kwasi Kizito
DescriptionDissertationPh.D.Political ScienceThis case study examines how the ten riparian countries of the Nile can politically reconcile colonial era agreements that split the lion’s share of the world’s longest river between Egypt and Sudan. The intent is that the countries be able to advance their developmental needs in an efficient and sustainable way that encourages environmental justice, Pan-Africanism and regional cooperation to improve relations between Arab Africans and Sub-Saharan Africans. The study is based on the premise that due to rising populations, climate change, and current global economic challenges, along with the signing of a new Cooperative Framework Agreement by the upper riparian states in 2010, the status quo of Egypt and Sudan having veto power over all projects along the Nile, and the lack of engagement of the two countries in negotiations, can lead to crises in water and food security and possibly even armed conflict that could destabilize the region. Expert interviews, document studies and contextual analyses of case studies were used to gather and analyze information as to how to engage Egypt in the post-Mubarak era and incorporate both modern and traditional governing systems to reach a politically viable solution to resource distribution and management. The researcher found that all the riparian countries agree that the current paradigm of Nile water utilization and management is not sustainable and that they all agree that states are sovereign and should be allowed access to the Nile’s resources within their territories. However, there is dispute over two countries having veto rights...
2012 05 01